Signs and Symptoms

What to look out for

Finding cancer early is key. If you have any symptoms, you should get them checked straightway.

Some signs and symptoms of cancer may be similar to symptoms of other conditions, but it’s important to speak to your GP if you notice any unexplained changes in your body. They will be able to arrange tests or refer you to a specialist if necessary.

If you have any of these symptoms it does not mean that you definitely have cancer, but you should ask your GP for advice. Finding out early can make treatment simpler and more successful.

Most common signs to look out for

  • Blood in your poo or pee
  • Blood when you cough or vomit
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Diarrhoea, constipation or bloating for no obvious reason
  • An unexplained pain or lump
  • A cough for more than 3 weeks
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weight loss which cannot be explained by changes to your diet, exercise or stress
  • Changes to moles, such as, changes to shape, colour or size or if it becomes itchy, flaky, crusty or bleeds
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What to do

If you have any of these symptoms it does not mean that you definitely have cancer, but it you should seek your GP’s advice. If you do need any treatment, it is more likely to be less invasive and have better outcomes if diagnosed early.  

You can find more information about the signs and symptoms of cancer on the following websites:

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Breast cancer

If you notice a lump or change in the size, shape or feel of your breast, contact your doctor as soon as possible.

Find out more
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Cancer information videos

Watch our cancer information videos to find out more about signs and symptoms, as well as useful advice on how to reduce your risk of getting cancer, like our bowel cancer video below.

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